Just how much the legal drinking age relates to drinking-related crashes is shown by a recent study in new zealand six years ago that country lowered its minimum legal drinking age to 18 since then, alcohol-related crashes have risen 12 percent among 18- to 19-year-olds and 14 percent among 15- to 17-year-olds (62. Cusses the effectiveness of minimum legal drinking age laws and provides a conceptual framework for understanding the array of strategies available to prevent underage alcohol use. According to the two authors of the scholarly reviewed article, will increasing alcohol availability by lowering the minimum legal drinking age decrease drinking and related consequences among youths. To reduce alcohol-related fatal crashes among youth, all states have adopted a minimum legal drinking age of 21 nhtsa estimates that minimum-drinking-age laws have saved 31,417 lives between 1975 and 2016.
Lowering legal blood-alcohol levels also may reduce the probability of assault, but neither advertising bans nor higher minimum legal-drinking ages reduce the probability of assault or sexual assault against women. Among college students under age 21, 50,000 experience alcohol-related date rape, and 43,000 are injured by another student who has been drinking in addition, studies with animals and alcohol dependent adolescents show that alcohol has the potential to impact adolescent brain development. The lower minimum legal drinking age was followed by increases in the sale and consumption of alcohol and in alcohol-involved traffic fatalities, particularly among young adults aged 18-20 years 12-14 on the basis of these unintended health consequences of the lower drinking age, some states reinstated the minimum legal drinking age of 21. The leading cause of death among teenagers in 1984 was car accidents the majority of these car accidents where caused by alcohol president reagen in an effort to slow the rate of accidents from drinking and driving established a national drinking age of 21.
One study found that early onset of alcohol use (ie, by age 12) was associated with subsequent alcohol abuse and related problem behaviors in later adolescence, including alcohol-related violence, injuries, drinking and driving, absenteeism from school or work, and increased risk for using other drugs (gruber et al 1996. Where has most of the illegal age drinking been taking place according to the two authors of the scholarly reviewed article, will increasing alcohol availability by lowering the minimum legal drinking age decrease drinking and related consequences among youths.
Underage drinking alcohol is the most commonly used and abused drug among youth in the united states 1 excessive drinking is responsible for more than 4,300 deaths among underage youth each year, and cost the us $24 billion in economic costs in 2010 2,3. Simply put, underage drinking is the use of alcohol by a person under the age of 21, the minimum legal drinking age with few exceptions, such as the use of alcohol as part of a religious ceremony. Effects on youth have not been specifically evaluated, but, in general, controls on availability reduce alcohol-related problems 6 keg registration laws this strategy has not been specifically evaluated but is consistent with general finding that reducing access reduces use. Objective to examine trends in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related crashes among people younger than 21 in the united states and to review evidence on the effects of minimum legal drinking age (mlda) laws. Minimum legal drinking age (mlda) laws specify the legal age when an individual can purchase or publicly consume alcoholic beverages the mlda in the united states is 21 years however, prior to the enactment of the national minimum drinking age act of 1984, the legal age when alcohol could be purchased varied from state to state 1.
The community preventive services task force (cpstf) recommends maintaining current minimum legal drinking age laws to reduce alcohol-related crashes and associated injuries among 18- to 20-year-old drivers. We reviewed recenttrends in drinking and related consequences, evidence on effectiveness of the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years, research on drinking among college students related to the minimum legal drinking age, and the case to lower the minimum legal drinking age. Zero tolerance laws are a logical combination of minimum legal drinking age laws that prohibit drinking by youth and per se laws that make it illegal to drive with a bac exceeding a specified level if it is illegal for youth to drink, then it should be illegal for youth to drive with any positive bac. The stepwise change in mlda laws had little effect on drinking among white women as the mlda of age 21 years decreased the probability of alcohol drinking up to one percentage point, and had no significant effects on reducing binge drinking.
The minimum legal drinking age of 21 years is effec- tive public policy for reducing underage drinking and preventing the negative consequences that can result from underage drinking reducing legal drinking age will lead to an increase in drinking and related harms. In the us, raising the minimum legal drinking age to 21, which is higher than in most other countries, has helped reduce drinking among those under the legal drinking age, and also appears to have been a factor in reducing alcohol use disorders and alcohol-related problems. Minimum legal drinking age, revealed an 11 percent drop in alcohol-related traffic deaths among those under age 21 authors point out that this may be a conservative figure, and the effect could actually be higher. We reviewed recent trends in drinking and related consequences, evidence on effectiveness of the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years, research on drinking among college students related to the minimum legal drinking age, and the case to lower the minimum legal drinking age.
Conclusions:comprehensive community intervention approaches may have considerable potential to reduce college-age drinking problems, especially given the success of these programs in reducing alcohol-related problems and in preventing health-compromising behaviors among youth. Environmental-level strategies aim to reduce underage and excessive drinking at the population level by changing the context (ie, places, settings, occasions, and circumstances) in which alcohol use occurs, thereby reducing consequences. Minimum legal drinking age laws, and sobriety checkpoints sufﬁcient evidence was found for the effectiveness of lower blood alcohol concentration laws for young and inexperi.
Minimum legal drinking age (mlda) for the purchase or public possession of alcohol be effective in reducing high-risk drinking and alcohol-related. Lower minimum legal drinking ages in the united states have also been associated with higher youth suicide rates 22 the research literature consistently reports the association of alcohol use or abuse with other risk-taking behaviors, including assault, sexual risk-taking, and other drug use 12,13,23,24 thus, alcohol use by adolescents is not. In particular, a higher minimum legal purchase age, supported by adequate enforcement, can reduce youth drinking and associated negative consequences who recommends a minimum age of at least 18 years for purchase of all alcoholic beverages in all establishments, including restaurants, bars, supermarkets and kiosks.